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General informationCountry profileWhat to see & do
Country profile

COUNTRY PROFILE

GEOGRAPHY:

Latitude 17.43 degrees/18.43 degrees north. Longitude 76.11 degrees/78.21 degrees west. The highest point above sea level is the Blue Mountain Peak at 7,402 ft. Mountainous, with some 120 rivers throughout the island. Jamaica is also known for its flora and fauna with over 200 species of orchids, 550 varieties of ferns and 250 species of birds of which 24 are endemic. The country is the third largest in the Caribbean, 146 miles long and varying between 22 miles and 51 miles in width. Beaches are found along all the island's coasts.

 
CLIMATE:

Temperatures high/low-Summer 80 degrees F/70-80 degrees F. Winter 80 degrees F/70 degrees F.
Annual average temperature is 82 degrees F.
In the hills it's cooler with an average temperature around 70 degrees F.
In Kingston, humidity ranges from 63% in February to 75% in October.
In Montego Bay, humidity ranges from 71 to 77
Average rainfall is 77" annually.
Approx sunrise/sunset 0600/1900.

 
HISTORY:

Settled by the Taino Indians, Jamaica comes from the word Xaymaca meaning Land of Wood and Water. Ruled by the Spanish and subsequently the British, Jamaica gained her independence on August 6, 1962. The country's motto, "Out of Many, One People" refers to the many heritages of people that make up the island.

 
LANGUAGE:

The official language spoken is English. Patois, a mix of English and African, is also spoken.

 
POPULATION:

2.5 million.

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